Responses of soil microbial community structure, potential ecological functions, and soil physicochemical properties to different cultivation patterns in cucumber
作者机构： 1.Hainan Univ, Sch Plant Protect, Minist Educ, Key Lab Green Prevent & Control Trop Dis & Pests, Haikou 570228, Hainan, Peoples R China
2.Sichuan Acad Agr Sci, Hort Inst, Chengdu 610066, Peoples R China
3.Hainan Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Genet & Germplasm Innovat Trop Special Fo, Haikou 570228, Hainan, Peoples R China
4.Chengdu Acad Agr & Forestry Sci, Chengdu 611130, Peoples R China
5.Vegetable Germplasm Innovat & Variety Improvement, Chengdu 610066, Peoples R China
关键词： Field practices; High-throughput sequencing; Soil biota; Agronomic traits; Soil environment
期刊名称：GEODERMA （ 影响因子：7.422； 五年影响因子：7.444 ）
年卷期： 2023 年 429 卷
摘要： Changing crop cultivation patterns may alleviate the negative effects of continuous cropping by altering soil characteristics. But how soil properties and microbial states are specifically altered is largely unknown. In this study, soil properties and cucumber growth were investigated after nine years under six cultivation patterns. The results showed that the different cultivation patterns significantly altered the bacterial and fungal communities of the bulk soil, and bacteria appeared to be more sensitive to cultivation pattern than fungal communities. In pairwise comparisons of the six cultivation patterns at the phylum level, all 15 comparisons showed significant differences in bacterial phyla, and 6 showed significant differences in fungal phyla. The paddy upland rotation pattern (pattern 1) had the greatest effect on the types of soil microorganisms, with 5 unique OTUs for bacteria and 17 for fungi. The results of unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) analysis between bulk soil and rhizosphere soil suggested that differences in bulk soil microbes led to differences in rhizosphere soil microbes. Bacterial and fungal genera (Serratia, Arachidicoccus, Penicillium, etc.) in the rhizosphere soil were significantly associated with cucumber agronomic traits. Compared with the other cultivation patterns, pattern 1 and the garlic rotation pattern (pattern 6) promoted the succession of soil microorganisms in a direction beneficial to plant growth through enrichment of more microbiota antagonistic to plant pathogens. Different cultivation patterns also changed the abundance of potential microbial functional genes. Pattern 1 had an increased abundance of microorganisms associated with functions such as N and P cycling, arsenic detoxification, and aromatic compound degradation. Pattern 1 also significantly weakened the trend of soil acidification and produced a significantly higher soil pH than the other five patterns. Therefore, paddy upland rotation and garlic rotation cultivation patterns may be considered as alternatives for sustainable cucumber production in the study area.
Genome-Wide Identification, Evolution, and Expression Analysis of RING Finger Gene Family in Solanum lycopersicum
作者：Yang, Liang;Miao, Mingjun;Li, Ju;Li, Yuejian;Li, Zhi;Chang, Wei;Yang, Liang;Miao, Mingjun;Li, Ju;Li, Zhi;Chang, Wei;Yang, Liang;Lyu, Hongjun;Lyu, Hongjun;Cao, Xue
关键词：Solanum lycopersicum; RING E3 ligases; phylogenetic analysis; collinearity; expression patterns; abiotic stress
作者：Yang, Manyu;Wan, Hongshen;Li, Jun;Yang, Wuyun;Pu, Zongjun;Yang, Ennian;Li, Guangrong;Yang, Zujun;Li, Liping
关键词：wheat; stripe rust; QTLs; SLAF-seq; chromosome translocation
Overexpression of the maize E3 ubiquitin ligase gene ZmAIRP4 enhances drought stress tolerance in Arabidopsis
作者：Yang, Junpin;Tan, Jun;Yang, Liang;Chang, Wei;Li, Zhi;Miao, Mingjun;Li, Yuejian;Yang, Liang;Chang, Wei;Li, Zhi;Miao, Mingjun;Li, Yuejian;Wu, Lintao;Liu, Zhibin
关键词：RING E3 ubiquitin ligase;Drought tolerance;Transgenic Arabidopsis;Zea mays L.
作者：Li, Liping;Yang, Wuyun;Rosewarne, Garry M.;Li, Guangrong;Yang, Zujun;Zhang, Zhenyu;Peng, Yunliang;Zhu, Yongqing;Rosewarne, Garry M.;Rosewarne, Garry M.
关键词：stripe rust resistance;wheat-rye 1RS.1BL translocations;Chuanmai45
作者：Zhang, Zejin;Wang, Liming;Tang, Li;Zhang, Zejin;Wang, Liming;Tang, Li;Li, Yuejian;Lei, Xiaokui;Li, Yuejian
关键词：Silicon; cadmium; tomato seedlings; growth; nutrient uptake